4 Common Types Of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition characterized by rapid cell reproduction which results in red, raised and scaly parts on your skin. It occurs when your immune system instead of playing its vital role of protecting your body starts to harm it.
Anyone can get this skin condition but research has shown that it is mainly diagnosed between the ages of 15-25 years with Caucasians suffering the most. Generally, over 6 million people in the United States live with this condition or infection.
There are several types of Psoriasis and one can only suffer each at a time. However, as the symptoms of one type fades away another form of psoriasis may occur in response to a certain trigger in the body.
Knowing the form of psoriasis you have will make you and your doctor prepare an effective treatment plan. Below is a list of the common types of psoriasis.
1. Plaque Psoriasis
This is the most common form of psoriasis and it is also known as psoriasis vulgaris. Almost 85% of people living with psoriasis always suffer from this type of psoriasis. It is characterized by white scaly layer and thick red patches on the skin which mainly appears on the knees, scalp, elbows and the lower back. They are usually between 1-10 centimetres wide. Scratching of these patches often worsens the condition.
•Applying moisturisers such as oil based ointments and cortisone cream on your skin to prevent it from becoming irritated or dry.
•Using tropical retinoid which helps reduce cases of inflammation on the skin surface.
•Applying coal tar either in form of oil, cream or shampoo.
•Using vitamin D creams which include calcitrol and calicipotriene which helps reduce the rate at which the cells of the skin grow.
•Identifying and treating the main trigger or the root cause which may include stress and lack of sleep.
2. Pustular Psoriasis
This is a severe form of psoriasis which is characterized by numerous white blisters that contain pus. It mainly affects the body’s isolated areas such as the feet, hands and may as well cover large areas of the body.
The skin tends to have a reddish appearance before the blisters form and becomes scaly once they fade away. The pus from these blisters is non-infectious and is usually made of the body’s white blood cells.
Individuals suffering from pustular psoriasis may have several symptoms such as:
•Loss of appetite.
•Use of corticosteroid cream and other over the counter creams for small patches.
•Use of oral prescription and light therapy for the large patches.
•Identifying and treating the trigger or the underlying cause to prevent possible chances of re-occurrence.
3. Guttate Psoriasis
It is the second most common form of psoriasis after the plaque psoriasis. This is characterized by the appearance of small red patches on the surface of the skin. It starts mainly during early childhood or during the young stages of adult hood.
It mostly occurs on the torso, face, limbs and scalp. Its spots are not usually thick as those of plaque psoriasis but they later develop into plaque psoriasis if treatment is not sought. Its occurrence is mainly triggered by skin injury, other medications, skin infection, stress and strep throat.
•Treating the root cause or the trigger.
•Use of antibiotics for bacterial infections.
•Use of light therapy, steroids and some oral medications.
4. Inverse Psoriasis
It is also known as flexural psoriasis. Inverse psoriasis often appears as red marks usually in skin folds such as under the armpits, the groin area, behind the knee and under the breasts. Sweat and moisture from these skin folds usually prevents this kind of psoriasis from shedding the skin scales.
Inverse psoriasis may sometimes be mistaken and misdiagnosed for bacterial or fungal infection. Usually most people with inverse psoriasis have another form of psoriasis in other parts of their bodies.
Since it affects sensitive body parts, its treatment can be difficult, however steroid creams and other ointments can be used. These however have a lot of side effects due to the thin nature of the skin found in the affected areas.
People having the above different signs and who suspect that they have psoriasis should seek consultation from a qualified doctor before beginning any form of treatment or medication. This is to help the doctor determine the type of psoriasis you are suffering from and thus recommend the right treatment for you.
Psoriasis is not usually contagious as most people believe. There is no proven permanent cure for psoriasis except for the treatments which help relieve the pain and manage its symptoms.